Diabetes mellitus, which is generally referred to as Diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases with prolonged high blood sugar levels.
In today’s age, in many cases, it is a disease caused by improper lifestyle. Diabetes can be hereditary as well in, but it can be difficult to separate effects caused by hereditary factors (gene mutations) and behavioral matters in a family.
General symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst and increases in appetite. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Which may take a serious turn into heart disease, stroke, chronic kidney failure, leg ulcers, and eye damage.
Due to diabetes, either the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin. There are four main types of diabetes :
In the first type of diabetes pancreas fail to produce sufficient insulin. This form was previously known as ‘Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus’ or‘Juvenile diabetes’. The reasons for this are still unclear.
Type 2 begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond properly to insulin. Insulin deficiency may also develop as the disease progresses. This form was previously known as ‘Non Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus’ or
‘Adult onset diabetes’.Generally this results from excessive body weight and lack of exercise.
Gestational diabetes is its third major form and occurs when pregnant women develop high blood sugar levels without a previous history of diabetes.
Secondary diabetes can only be corrected by treating this type of diabetes, such as by discontinuing certain medications, treating the pituitary gland tumor.